A maple tree in Matibo, near Savigliano, in Piedmont, Sardinian Savoy
“Matibo is a delightful estate in the neighbourhood of Savigliano, close to Coni,2 in Piedmont. The beautiful maple tree, shown in our engraving, is one of the most elegant of ornaments. This tree is more than sixty years old. Someone had the idea, twenty-five or thirty years ago, to give it the shape of a little temple, and with ingenuity and patience the metamorphosis is complete.
You see that the elegant little structure has two stories. Each of the rooms is lit by eight windows, and it can easily hold twenty people. The floor, very sturdy, is made of boughs artfully interwoven; the leaves forming a natural carpet; roundabout, the greenery has formed dense high walls, where a great number of birds have come to fix their abode. The owner of Matibo took care not to disturb the joyful little singers: he has encouraged their trust, and all day long you can hear them chirp and hop about, heedless of the visitors, who are leaning on the windows and rustling the leaves.
Landscape architects give to trees pruned in the style of the maple tree of Matibo the general name of arbres belvéders,3 or tree houses.”
- An extract, translated into English by Susan Rhoads and Bill Thayer, from Le Magasin Pittoresque, published under the direction of M. Édouard Charton, Volume IX, Issue 49, Paris: Aux Bureaux d’Abonnement et de Vente, 1841; p. 385.
Bühnenbildmodell zu „Oedipus Rex“, Berlin
Ewald Düllberg, 1928
Bühnenbildentwurf zu „Faust. Der Tragödie Erster Teil“ (Projekt), Dessau Roman Clemens, 1928
Design for Act II of Gluck’s Orfeo
Adolphe Appia, ca. 1912-1913
Adolphe Appia, 1906
Saal des Film Guild Cinema mit Blick auf das »Screen-o-scope«, New York Frederick J. Kiesler, 1929
In 1910, Edgar Chambless released Roadtown, outlining his idea for a linear city built on top of a railway line. “The idea occurred to me to lay the modern skyscraper on its side and run the elevators and the pipes and wires horizontally instead of vertically. Such a house would not be limited by the stresses and strains of steel; it could be built not only a hundred stories, but a thousand stories or a thousand miles….I would take the apartment house and all its conveniences and comforts out among the farms by the aid of wires, pipes and of rapid and noiseless transportation.”
“The Roadtown is a scheme to organize production, transportation and consumption into one systematic plan. In an age of pipes and wires, and high speed railways such a plan necessitates the building in one dimension instead of three - the line distribution of population instead of the pyramid style of construction. The rail-pipe-and-wire civilization and the increase in the speed of transportation is certain to result in the line distribution of population because of the almost unbelievable economy in construction, in operation and in time.”more